Stages of stalking

Added: Yohance Hernadez - Date: 09.04.2022 14:13 - Views: 27146 - Clicks: 7826

Stalking is repeated harassment or threatening behavior toward another person. Like domestic violence, stalking is a crime of power and control. Stalking is a crime under the laws of all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the federal government. In Massachusetts stalking is defined as wilfully and maliciously engaging in conduct which seriously alarms or annoys a specific person and would cause reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress and makes threat with intent to place person in fear of death or bodily injury.

Stalking behavior can take many forms and can vary greatly from situation to situation. Some common stalking behaviors include:. But, these acts are intrusive and frightening if they are unwelcome to the victim. Stalking behavior patterns closely mirror those common in abusive relationships. The stalker may first attempt to woo the victim into a relationship, perhaps sending gifts like flowers or candy.

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When the victim rejects their unwelcome advances, the stalker often turns to intimidation. Many times, harassing behavior escalates into threatening behavior. Cases that reach this level of seriousness are particularly dangerous and can become violent. While this progression in behavior is common, no stalking case is completely predictable.

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Some stalkers may never escalate past the first stage. Others jump from the first to the last with little warning. Others regress to stages before advancing to the next. It is not uncommon for stalkers to intersperse threatening or violent episodes with flowers and love letters. A stalker can be a stranger or someone the victim knows including a partner, an ex-partner, or a family member. Stalking is a crime that can touch anyone, regardless of gender, race, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, geographic location, or personal associations.

However, some stalkers develop Stages of stalking obsession for someone with whom they have no personal relationship. Because there is a wide range of stalking behaviors, it is virtually impossible to devise a single effective strategy that can be applied to every situation. For this reason, it is vital that stalking victims immediately seek advice to devise a safety plan for their unique situation and circumstances.

While there is no single psychological or behavioral profile for stalkers, forensic psychologists have identified two broad of stalkers and stalking behavior—dividing them into simple obsession and love obsession cases.

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These stalkers are commonly socially maladjusted, emotionally immature and extremely insecure. Their self-esteem is often closely tied to their relationship with the victim and, as a result, their greatest fear becomes the loss of this relationship, creating a dangerous dynamic. These stalkers can be most dangerous when their victims decide to end the relationship. Love obsession stalkers develop a love obsession or fixation on a person with whom they have no personal relationship. The target may be only a casual acquaintance or even a complete stranger. The vast majority of these stalkers suffer from a psychological disorder—often schizophrenia or paranoia.

Nearly all display some delusional thought patterns or behaviors. In place of normal personal relationships, they invent fictional stories which cast their unwilling victims in the role of their own love interest.

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Love obsession stalkers expect their victims to play out the roles they have cast them in and believe they can make the object of their affection love them. They may attempt to force the victim to comply with threats, intimidation, or even violence.

What do stalkers do? Some common stalking behaviors include: Following you and showing up wherever you are. Repeatedly sending letters, s and unwanted gifts. Repeatedly asking you out. Repeatedly calling you, including hang-ups. Causing damage to your home, car, or other property.

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Monitoring your phone calls or computer use. Using technology, like hidden cameras and computers to track you down.

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Driving by or hanging out at your home, school, or work. Threatening to hurt you, your family, friends, or pets. Finding out about you by using public records or on-line search services, hiring investigators, going through your garbage, or contacting your friends, family, neighbors, or co-workers. Other actions that control, track, or frighten you. Who are the perpetrators and victims of stalking?

Stages of stalking

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